Pyometra is a secondary infection that occurs as a result of hormonal changes in the female’s reproductive tract. Following estrus (heat), the hormone progesterone remains elevated for up to two months and causes the lining of the uterus to thicken in preparation for pregnancy.
How do you prevent pyometra in dogs?
The best and only prevention for pyometra is to have your dog spayed. Spaying (whether by removing the uterus and ovaries or just the ovaries) removes the hormonal stimulation that causes both heat cycles and the uterine changes that allow pyometra to happen.
What are the first signs of pyometra?
Symptoms of pyometra include early warning signs of the animal feeling unwell, such as vomiting, refusal to eat, lethargy, increased thirst and frequent urination. She may also appear to be uncomfortable, because pyometra is a particularly painful condition for dogs, while being somewhat less so for cats.
What are the chances of a dog getting pyometra?
Pyometra will affect roughly 1 in 4 non-spayed females before the age of 10 years, but can occur in dogs older than this. Additionally, spaying greatly decreases the risk of mammary (breast) cancer when done promptly.
What causes female dog pyometra?
Pyometra is caused by a bacterial infection, most commonly E. coli, and often occurs a few weeks after a female has finished a season. This is because being in season causes the animal’s body to go through hormonal changes which make the chance of infection much more likely.
Can a dog survive pyometra without surgery?
The chance of successful resolution without surgery or prostaglandin treatment is extremely low. If treatment is not performed quickly, the toxic effects from the bacteria will be fatal in many cases. If the cervix is closed, it is possible for the uterus to rupture, spilling the infection into the abdominal cavity.
Can my dog survive Pyometra?
Pyometra is extremely serious and can be life-threatening if left untreated. The sooner your dog receives treatment the better their chance of survival. The good news is many dogs will make a full recovery after treatment if the condition is caught early, so don’t delay in taking them to the vet if you are concerned.
How do you test for pyometra?
Your veterinarian will likely recommend the following diagnostic tests to help diagnose pyometra:
- general chemistry profile.
- complete blood count.
- abdominal radiographs.
- abdominal ultrasound.
- vaginal cytology.
How long can Pyometra last?
This disease can take your pet from perfectly healthy to dead in just 4 days.
How much does it cost to treat a dog with pyometra?
Veterinary costs for pyometra treatment
The procedure including all surgical and anesthetic fees will cost about $2,000 to $8,000 depending on location and if the surgery has to happen after hours. Antibiotics for a two-week course cost about $60 to $150, whereas IV fluid therapy can cost between $150 and $300.
How common is pyometra in unspayed dogs?
Pyometra is an infection of the uterus in dogs and cats. It is relatively common, affecting approximately 25% of unspayed female dogs and cats. It is a serious condition which results in a variety of clinical and pathological signs requiring emergency surgery to remove the infected uterus.
Can antibiotics cure pyometra in dogs?
Antibiotics will improve the general status of the bitch but cannot resolve the uterine infection on their own. Given the increased vaginal discharge after prostaglandin administration, we recommend administering the drug early in the morning and hospitalizing the bitch for 4–6 h.